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Montenegro
 
Country Profile:

Meaning of the name – black mountain (in native language: Crna Gora/ whyf ujhf)

Capital: Podgorica (and largest city)

Government form: Parliamentary republic (head of government and head of state are clearly differentiated)

Constitution: Adopted October 19, 2007 and proclaimed October 22, 2007.

Independence: June 3, 2006 (declared by parliament after referendum in favor of independence from state union of Serbia and Montenegro

President: Filip Vujanovic (the first president of Montenegro since the split of ties with Serbia, currently serving his second presidential term).

Prime Minister: Milo Đukanović (currently on his 5th term, with a secured 6th term in office).

Language (official): Montenegrin (South Slavic language).

Commonly spoken foreign languages: After Russian and English the most widely spoken foreign languages are Italian (for geographical reasons) and German (due to the relatively large number of German speaking tourists)

Area: 13,812 sq. km.

Population: 678,177 (July 2009 estimation)

Ethnic groups (2003 census): Montenegrin 43%, Serbian 31%, Bosniak 8%, Albanian 5%, Muslim 5%, Croatian 1%, Roma 0.5%.

Religions (2003 census): Orthodox 74%, Muslim 18%, Roman Catholic 4%.

Currency: Euro

Economy

GDP (2007): $3,718.7 billion (€2,528,73 billion).

Real GDP growth rate (2008/2007): 8%.

Per capita GDP (2007): $5,995.5 (€4,077).

Inflation rate (2007): 8.4%.

Natural resources: Bauxite.

Tourism: 20% of GDP.

Industry: 13.8% of GDP.

Agriculture: 8.4% of GDP.

Services: 49.6% of GDP.

Driving side: right

Calling code: 382

Time zone: GMT + 1 (+2 in summer)